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The hip joint is a deep ball and socket joint formed between the femur and the pelvis. The joint plays an important role in the transmission of forces between the leg and the trunk. It needs to be strong and stable to support the weight of the whole of the body on one side, as seen in one legged standing and running. The joint is surrounded by a vast network of muscles and other soft tissues which play a vital role in the stability and biomechanics of the lower limb.